How to Become a Solar Photovoltaic Installer

Are you interested in joining the green revolution? If you have a passion for environmental sustainability, you may want to consider a career as a solar photovoltaic (PV) installer. This occupation not only provides a chance to make a tangible impact in the fight against climate change but also offers significant growth potential and competitive wages. However, it’s important to note that every career path has its benefits and drawbacks. This blog post will serve as a guide for you to become a solar photovoltaic installer, highlighting the job’s earnings potential, anticipated growth, and pros and cons.

How to Become a Solar Photovoltaic Installer

Job Overview

Solar PV installers assemble, install, and maintain solar panel systems on rooftops or other structures. It’s a role that combines technical, mechanical, and electrical skills, requiring both knowledge and physical ability. It’s a job that can take you outdoors, on rooftops, and in various weather conditions.

Educational Requirements and Training

While some solar PV installers need a high school diploma, many employers prefer candidates with a postsecondary training certificate in solar energy technology or a related field. Some community colleges and trade schools offer these programs, which typically take about a year to complete. You might also benefit from courses in mathematics, physics, and mechanical drawing.

Training continues on the job under the guidance of experienced installers. An apprenticeship program, which can last up to a year, provides the most comprehensive training. These programs combine classroom instruction with practical, hands-on experience.

Certification, while not required, can enhance your employment opportunities. The North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) offers certification that meets the standards for the industry.

Wages and Job Growth

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual wage for solar photovoltaic installers was around $47,670 as of May 2020. However, this figure can vary depending on your location, level of experience, and the size of the company for which you work.

In terms of job growth, the outlook is bright. The BLS projects that employment for solar photovoltaic installers will grow 27% from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is driven by the decreasing cost of solar panels and increasing public interest in renewable energy.

Benefits and Drawbacks


  1. Positive Impact on the Environment: If you’re passionate about environmental sustainability, this career will allow you to contribute to reducing carbon emissions directly.
  2. Job Growth and Security: With an increasing number of homes and businesses opting for solar power, job opportunities in this field are on the rise.
  3. Variety in the Job: Every day can bring a different job site, a different challenge – this role is perfect for those who love variety and problem-solving.


  1. Physical Demands: The job can be physically demanding. It often involves heavy lifting, climbing, and working at heights.
  2. Variable Work Conditions: Installers work outdoors and often have to withstand challenging weather conditions.
  3. Potential Risk of Injury: As with any job that involves manual labor and electrical work, there is a risk of injury. However, proper training and safety precautions significantly reduce these risks.

Furthering Your Career

Once you have some experience under your belt, there are several paths for career progression as a solar photovoltaic installer.

  1. Specialization: You can specialize in specific types of solar installations, such as commercial or industrial systems, or work with particular technologies, like concentrated solar power.
  2. Leadership Roles: With time and experience, you can move into supervisory or managerial roles. These positions might involve coordinating teams of installers, planning projects, or working directly with clients.
  3. Sales and Consultancy: If you develop a comprehensive understanding of solar technology, you can move into a sales role or provide consultancy services for those looking to install solar energy systems. This could include advising on system design, placement, or feasibility.
  4. Start Your Own Business: If you have an entrepreneurial spirit, starting your own solar installation business could be a rewarding venture. This step would involve a higher level of risk and additional responsibilities, such as marketing your services and managing administrative tasks.

Preparation for the Role

Before you jump into the role, there are a few ways you can prepare yourself to become a successful solar PV installer:

  1. Physical Fitness: Given the physical nature of the job, improving your physical fitness can help.
  2. Technical Skills: Familiarize yourself with the basic principles of electricity, solar energy, and construction safety. You can start this process even before formal education or training.
  3. Problem-solving Skills: Working on solar installations often involves troubleshooting and problem-solving. You can develop these skills through a variety of means, including puzzles, games, and technical projects.
  4. Networking: Connecting with professionals in the industry can provide valuable insights and may lead to job opportunities. Consider joining industry organizations, attending conferences, or following industry news.


In summary, becoming a solar photovoltaic installer offers an excellent opportunity to contribute to the growing renewable energy sector. Despite some physical demands and challenging work conditions, the role provides substantial benefits, including good job growth, competitive wages, and the chance to make a positive impact on the environment.

Remember that education and training are key to succeeding in this career, and there are various pathways to advancement once you gain experience. As solar power continues to rise in popularity, the demand for skilled solar photovoltaic installers is set to grow. This career might be your chance to shine in the renewable energy sector.

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